the war, John Peter Muhlenburg was elected to Pennsylvania's Supreme
Executive Council in 1784, and then Vice-President of Pennsylvania in
In 1789, he was elected a Representative to the first U.S. Congress.
1790, he was a member of the Pennsylvania's State Constitutional
Convention and in 1793, was the first founder of the
John's father, Henry Muhlenberg, was a founder of the Lutheran Church in America.
brother, Fredrick Augustus Mulenberg, was also elected to the U.S.
Congress and became the first Speaker of the House of Representatives.
ordained pastors, John and Frederick Muhlenberg served in the first
session of the U.S. Congress which passed the First Amendment, making
sure that the new Federal Government would never "prohibit the free
exercise" of their religion, nor take away the freedom of speech, press,
the right of the people peaceably to assemble, or petition the
Government for a redress of grievances.
John Peter Muhlenberg was elected a U.S. Senator in 1801.
He served as a Trustee of the University of Pennsylvania, which honored him with a statue.
In 1889, the State of Pennsylvania placed a statue of John Peter Muhlenberg in the U.S. Capitol's Statuary Hall.
His statue is in front of the Shenendoah County Courthouse.
John Peter Gabriel Muhlenburg was memorialized in a poem by Thomas Buchanan Read, titled "The Rising," published in William Holmes McGuffey Fifth Eclectic Reader (Cincinnati & New York: Van Antwerp, Bragg & Co., revised ed., 1879, Lesson LXV, pp. 200-204):
...Within its shade of elm and oak The church of Berkley Manor stood: There Sunday found the rural folk, And some esteemed of gentle blood.
In vain their feet with loitering tread Passed 'mid the graves where rank is naught: All could not read the lesson taught In that republic of the dead.
The pastor rose: the prayer was strong; The psalm was warrior David's song; The text, a few short words of might,- "The Lord of Hosts shall arm the right!"
He spoke of wrongs too long endured, Of sacred rights to be secured; Then from his patriot tongue of flame The startling words for Freedom came.
The stirring sentences he spake Compelled the heart to glow or quake,
And, rising on his theme's broad wing, And grasping in his nervous hand The imaginary battle-brand, In face of death he dared to fling Defiance to a tyrant king.
Even as he spoke, his frame renewed In eloquence of attitude,
Rose, as it seemed, a shoulder higher; Then swept his kindling glance of fire From startled pew to breathless choir;
When suddenly his mantle wide His hands impatient flung aside, And, lo! He met their wondering eyes Complete in all a warrior's guise. A moment there was awful pause,-
When Berkley cried, "Cease, traitor! Cease! God's temple is the house of peace!"
The other shouted, "Nay, not so, When God is with our righteous cause: His holiest places then are ours, His temples are our forts and towers That frown upon the tyrant foe:
In this the dawn of Freedom's day There is a time to fight and pray!"
And now before the open door- The warrior priest had ordered so- The enlisting trumpet's sudden soar Rang through the chapel, o'er and o'er, Its long reverberating blow,
So loud and clear, it seemed the ear Of dusty death must wake and hear. And there the startling drum and fife Fired the living with fiercer life;
While overhead with wild increase, Forgetting its ancient toll of peace, The great bell swung as ne'er before: It seemed as it would never cease;
And every word its ardor flung From off its jubilant iron tongue Was, "War! War! War!"
"Who dares"-this was the patriot's cry, As striding from the desk he came - "Come out with me, in Freedom's name, For her to live, for her to die?"
A hundred hands flung up reply, A hundred voices answered "I!"
Washington, D.C., at the corner of Connecticut Ave. and Ellicott
St., there is a bronze memorial to John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg,
with the inscription:
JOHN PETER GABRIEL MUHLENBERG 1746-1807 SERVING HIS CHURCH HIS COUNTRY HIS STATE
...THE "FIGHTING PARSON OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION"