"Communism starts with the proposition that there are no universal truths or general truths of human nature...
The high priest of this doctrine was Eugene Pashukanis. His reign came to an abrupt end... With an irony befitting the career of one who predicted that communism would bring an end to law and legal processes, Pashukanis was quietly taken off and shot without even the semblance of a trial..."
Nixon commented on Communist elections:
"Voters are in the end permitted only to vote for the candidates chosen by the only political party permitted to exist...the electorate is given no choice...
Knowing that it cannot achieve representative democracy, it seems to feel better if it adopts its empty forms... " Nixon continued on power:
"Throughout the ages, among men of all nations and creeds, law has generally been thought of as a curb on arbitrary power.
It has been conceived as a way of substituting reason for force...
Law in the Soviet Union is not conceived as a check on power, it is openly and proudly an expression of power.
In this conception...the bankruptcy of communism as a moral philosophy openly declares itself..." Nixon added regarding freedom:
"Communist philosophy is basically inconsistent with the ideal of freedom because it denies that there can be any standard of moral truth by which the actions of any given social order may be judged.
the individual says to government, 'Thus far may you go, but no
farther,' he necessarily appeals to some principle of rightness that
stands above his particular form of government.
It is precisely the possibility of any such standard that communism radically...denies.
Marx and Engels had nothing but sneers for the idea that there are 'eternal truths, such as freedom, justice, etc., that are common to all states of society.'
They contend that there are no eternal truths...
If that system requires tyranny and oppression, then tyranny and oppression must within that system be accepted; there can be no higher court of appeal...
A sense of freedom can never develop under the Soviet regime..."
Communist faith...tells men to forget all the teachings of the ages about government, law, and morality...
There is only one rule: Smash the existing 'bourgeois' economic and legal order and leave the rest to the 'spontaneous class organization of the proletariat'..." Nixon added that without 'eternal truth' tyranny repeats:
following the overthrow of a tyranny, do you suggest steps that will
prevent an interim dictatorship from hardening into a second tyranny?...
cruel dictatorship has been overthrown...because it permitted no
elections or never counted the vote honestly. Following the successful
revolt...order is kept by something approaching a dictatorship... Men who were once united in overthrowing plain injustice become divided on the question what constitutes a just new order.
Militant zealots, useful in the barricades, are too rough for civil government and must be curbed.
If curbed too severely, they may take up arms against the new government. Etc., etc...
The shift in power when it comes may involve only a few quick maneuvers within the apparatus of the party...
fate of millions will be determined by processes which take no account
of their interests or wishes, in which they are granted no
participation, and which they are not even permitted to observe..." Nixon concluded on Stalin, who was responsible for an estimated 40 million deaths:
"Russia was...governed by a tyranny...The Soviet term is 'the cult of personality'...
Stalin and his followers...became infected with a mistaken view of Stalin's proper role...
Stalin ruled without the check of constitutional forms...
In the words of Aristotle, written some 23 centuries ago,
'This is why we do not permit a man to rule...because a man rules in his own interest, and becomes a tyrant.'