American Minute with Bill Federer SEPT. 8 - Jerusalem destroyed
American Minute with Bill Federer
SEPT. 8 - Jerusalem destroyed
SEPTEMBER 8th, known as Tisha B'Av in the Hebrew calendar, was the day that the First Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed by the Babylonians in 587 BC.
September 8th, Tisha B'Av, is the day the Second Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD.
Historian Josephus recorded over a million Jews died as the Roman army laid siege, led by the future Roman Emperor Titus.
Temple treasures were carried to Rome, being memorialized on the Arch
of Titus, and used to finance the building of the Rome's Colosseum.
Tisha B'Av is
the day Romans massacred of over 100,000 Jews at Betar in 132 AD, as
well as the date of other Jewish massacres throughout the centuries,
including the Nazi Holocaust.
In 135 AD, after Bar Kokhba's
revolt, Roman Emperor Hadrian renamed the Province "Syria Palaestina,"
and renamed Jerusalem "Aelia Capitolina," in an attempt to erase Jewish
history from the area.
were banned from entering Jerusalem on pain of death, though in 325 AD,
Jews were allowed to enter once a year to pray at the Western Wall on
Tish B'Av is
believed to have been the day that 10 of the 12 spies Moses sent into
the Promised Land discouraged the Israelites from possessing the land.
The Land of Israel was invaded or occupied by:
390 AD Byzantine Empire 614 AD Sassanid Persians 635 AD Umayyad Caliphate 750 AD Abbasid Caliphate 909 AD Fatimid Caliphate 1071 AD Seljuk Turks 1099 AD Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem 1187 AD Ayyubid Sultanate 1260 AD Mongolian Empire 1291 AD Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt 1517 AD Ottoman Sultanate 1660 AD Druze Dynasty 1799 AD French Napoleon 1844 AD Tanzimat Ottoman Empire 1864 AD Ottoman Vilayet of Syria 1917 AD Britain Mandate, issuing the Balfour Declaration establishing the Jewish homeland.
May 14, 1948 AD, the Nation of Israel came into being again, and after
the 1967 War, Jerusalem was once again under Jewish control.
Jerusalem was reaffirmed as Israel's capital with "The Basic Law: Jerusalem, the Capital of Israel," passed in 1980.
For centuries, people desired to pilgrimage to Jerusalem, including Abraham Lincoln.
scrapbook in the Library of Congress contains the account of Rev. N.W.
Miner of Springfield, who officiated at Lincoln's burial, recalling
President Lincoln's last words while at Ford's Theater with his wife:
Lincoln informed me that...the very last moments of his conscious life
were spent in conversation with her about his future plans...
said he wanted to visit the Holy Land and see those places hallowed
by the footprints of the Saviour. He was saying there was no city he so
much desired to see as Jerusalem."