American Minute with Bill Federer June 18 - War of 1812 and James Madison
American Minute with Bill Federer
June 18 - War of 1812 and James Madison
The War of 1812 began on JUNE 18, 1812.
While Napoleon was invading Russia on the other side of the world, the British captured American ships and enslaved sailors.
British incited Indians to capture Fort Mims, massacring 500 men, women and children.
They captured the U.S. Capitol, burnt the White House and the Library of Congress.
British ships bombarded Fort McHenry, attacked on Lake Eire and New Orleans.
They captured Maine's cities of Eastport, Castine, Hampden, Bangor and Machias.
Outraged, many volunteered for the Army, including Davy Crockett.
On March 9, 1812, in a message to Congress, President James Madison stated:
British Government, through its public minister here, a secret agent of
that Government was employed in certain States...in fomenting
disaffection...and in intrigues with the disaffected, for the purpose
of...destroying the Union...
The discovery of such a
procedure...will not fail to render more dear to the hearts of all good
citizens that happy union of these States which, under Divine Providence, is the guaranty of their liberties."
On June 1, 1812, President James Madison stated to Congress:
behold...on the side of Great Britain a state of war...Whether the
United States shall continue passive under these progressive usurpations
and these accumulating wrongs...shall commit a just cause into the
hands of the Almighty Disposer of Events."
On June 19, 1812, in a Proclamation of War, President James Madison stated:
do moreover exhort all the good people of the United States...as they
feel the wrongs which have forced on them the last resort of injured
nations...to consult the best means under the blessing of Divine Providence of abridging its calamities."
Madison, who had introduced the First Amendment in the First Session of
Congress, proclaimed a National Day of Public Humiliation and Prayer,
July 9, 1812:
"A day, to be set apart for the devout purpose of rendering the Sovereign of the Universe and the Benefactor of mankind
the public homage due to His holy attributes; of acknowledging the
transgressions which might justly provoke the manifestations of His
divine displeasure; of seeking His merciful forgiveness, and His
assistance in the great duties of repentance...
of offering fervent supplications that in the present season of calamity
and war He would take the American people under His peculiar care and
protection...turning the hearts of our enemies from the violence and
injustice which sway their councils against us, He would hasten a
restoration of the blessings of peace."
On November 4, 1812, in his Fourth Annual Message, President James Madison stated:
war in which we are actually engaged in...was preceded by a patience
without example under wrongs accumulating without end...Appeal was
accordingly made...to the Just and All-powerful Being
who holds in His hand the chain of events and the destiny of
nations...We prosecute the war with united counsels...until peace be so
obtained...under the Divine blessing."
On February 24, 1813, President James Madison stated to Congress:
Britain had already introduced into her commerce during the war a
system...resting on a mass of forgery and perjury...making an
unfortunate progress in undermining those principles of morality and religion which are the best foundation of national happiness....The general tendency of these demoralizing and disorganizing contrivances will be reprobated by the civilized and Christian world."
On March 4, 1813, in his Second Inaugural Address, President James Madison stated:
should be compelled to shrink if I...felt less deeply a conviction that
the war with a powerful nation...is stamped with that justice which
invites the smiles of Heaven on the means of conducting it to a successful termination."
On May 25, 1813, in a Special Session Message to Congress, President James Madison stated:
contest in which the United States are engaged appeals...to the sacred
obligation of transmitting entire to future generations that
precious...independence which is held in trust by the present from the goodness of Divine Providence."
On July 23, 1813, President James Madison proclaimed a National Day of Public Humiliation and Prayer:
times of public calamity such as that of the war...it is especially
becoming that the hearts of all should be...turned to that Almighty Power in whose hands are the welfare and the destiny of nations...
has blessed the United States with a political Constitution founded on
the will and authority of the whole people and guaranteeing to each
individual security, not only of his person and his property, but of
those sacred rights of conscience so essential to his present happiness
and so dear to his future hopes...
that He would pardon our
manifold transgressions and awaken and strengthen in all the wholesome
purposes of repentance...so He would...bestow His blessings on our arms
in resisting the hostile...
If the public homage of a people can ever be worthy of the favorable regard of the Holy and Omniscient Being
to whom it is addressed, it must be that in which those who join in it
are guided only by their free choice, by the impulse of their hearts and
the dictates of their consciences...that religion, that gift of Heaven for the good of man, freed from all coercive edicts...
making no appeal but to reason, to the heart, and to the conscience,
can spread its benign influence everywhere and can attract to the divine altar those freewill offerings of humble supplication."
On December 7, 1813, in his Fifth Annual Message, President James Madison stated:
"It has pleased the Almighty
to bless our arms both on the land and on the water....On Lake Erie,
the squadron under the command of Captain Perry having met the British
squadron of superior force, a sanguinary conflict ended in the capture
of the whole...We may humbly repose our trust in the smiles of Heaven on so righteous a cause."
On September 1, 1814, in a National Proclamation after the British had invaded the Capitol, President James Madison stated:
enemy by a sudden incursion have succeeded in invading the
capitol...though for a single day only, they wantonly destroyed the
public edifices...The glory acquired by their fathers in establishing
the independence which is now to be maintained by their sons with the
augmented strength and resources with which time and Heaven had blessed them."
On September 20, 1814, in his Sixth Annual Message, President James Madison stated:
capture of nearly a thousand American vessels and the impressment of
thousands of American seafaring citizens...by the Government of Great
Britain...Our beloved country...persevering hostility...must carry with
it the good wishes of the impartial world and the best hopes of support
from an Omnipotent and Kind Providence."
On November 16, 1814, President James Madison proclaimed a National Day of Public Humiliation, Fasting and Prayer:
the present time of public calamity and war a day may be recommended to
be observed by the people of the United States as a day of public
humiliation and fasting and of prayer to Almighty God...for...His blessing on their arms, and a speedy restoration of peace...voluntarily offering...humble adoration to the Great Sovereign of the Universe, of confessing their sins and transgressions, and of strengthening their vows of repentance."
When the war ended, President James Madison addressed Congress, February 18, 1815:
lay before Congress copies of the treaty of peace and amity between the
United States and His Britannic Majesty...We accord in grateful
acknowledgments for the protection which Providence has bestowed upon us."
On March 4, 1815, President James Madison proclaimed a National Day of Thanksgiving:
be observed by the people of the United States with religious solemnity
as a day of thanksgiving and of devout acknowledgments to Almighty God
for His great goodness manifested in restoring to them the blessing of
peace. No people ought to feel greater obligations to celebrate the
goodness of the Great Disposer of Events and of the Destiny of Nations than the people of the United States...
To the same Divine Author of Every Good and Perfect Gift
we are indebted for all those privileges and advantages, religious as
well as civil, which are so richly enjoyed in this favored
land...especially for the restoration of the blessing of peace."
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